Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a condition associated with abnormal retinal vascular development in babies born at or before 30 weeks of gestation.
Advanced stages of ROP may require treatment, although this is not always the case. Milder stages are very common, and most affected newborns will recover completely. However, if advanced cases remain untreated, it can lead to blindness.
The most effective method of detecting ROP in premature infants is through regular screening, and this should continue until the retina has fully vascularised.